OxyContin is a medication used to moderate to severe pain. It is a brand of timed-release oxycodone, made by Purdue Pharma, that works for up to 12 hours. Oxycontin contain the active ingredient oxycodone which belongs to a group of medicines called strong analgesics or ‘painkillers. Thus it is an opioid medication.
The typical dosages of oxycontin for adults with pain are as follows:
For Immediate release form: 5 milligrams (mg) to 15 mg, every four to six hours
Controlled release form: 10 mg every 12 hours
Immediate release form: 10 mg to 30 mg, every four hours.
Controlled release form: 20 mg to 640 mg, per day in patients with cancer pain. The average total daily dose is about 105 mg per day.
If you are taking the extended-release tablets, swallow them whole. Do not chew, break, divide, crush, or dissolve them.
If you are taking the concentrated form this drug, your doctor may advise that you mix it with a small amount of juice or semi-solid food such as pudding or applesauce.
Before taking oxycontin, tell your pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other opioid pain relievers (such as oxymorphone); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: brain disorders, breathing problems, personal or family history of a substance abuse, intestinal problems , difficulty swallowing, difficulty urinating, disease of the pancreas
The most frequent side effects of oxycontin are Dizziness, Sedation, Nausea, Vomiting, Headache, Rash, Constipation, Dry mouth and Sweating.
In addition to those, other side effects includes; Faintness, Heart attack, Rash, Itching, Depression, Abnormal heartbeats
Oxycontin can depresses breathing. Thus it is cautions should be take when used by elderly, debilitated patients and in patients with serious lung disease. This medicine can also impair thinking and the physical abilities required for driving or operating machinery.
Oxycontin is habit forming. Therefore mental and physical dependence can occur but are unlikely when used for short-term pain relief. If this drug is suddenly withdrawn after prolonged use, symptoms of withdrawal may develop. Therefore the dose of oxycodone should be gradually reduced in order to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
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